Career Highlight: Palliative Care

Palliative care is a multidisciplinary approach to specialized medical care for people with life-limiting illnesses. It focuses on providing people with relief from the symptoms, pain, physical and mental stresses of the terminal diagnosis. The goal of such therapy is to improve quality of life for both the person and their family.

Palliative care is provided by a team of physicians, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and other health professionals who work together with the primary care doctors and referred specialists. It is appropriate at any age and at any stage in a serious illness and can be provided as the main goal of care of along with curative treatment.

Although it is an important part of end-of-life care, it is not limited to that stage. Palliative care can be provided across multiple settings including in hospitals, in the patient’s home, as part of the community palliative care programs, and in nursing facilities. Spiritual support is often provided in more interdisciplinary teams.

When a medicine or treatment relieves symptoms, but has no curative properties, it is said to be palliative. The word noncurative is sometimes paired with palliative for clarification purposes.

Scope

Palliative care is for patients with any serious illness and who have a physical or mental distress as a result of the treatment they are undergoing. Palliative care increases comfort by reducing pain, alleviating symptoms, and lessening stress for the patient and family. It is mutually beneficial for both patient and caregiver.

Emergency care nurses and doctors have a critical role to begin discussions with patients and their families regarding palliative care as they see them go through difficult times in life.

Paediatric palliative care is a rapidly growing subset of this field, and services directed specifically for children with serious illness are in dire need of this.

Responsibilities

Assessment of symptoms

A method fr the assessment of symptoms in patients admitted to palliative care is the Edmonton Symptoms Assessment Scare, in which there are eight visual analog scales of 0 to 10, indicating the levels of pain, activity, nausea, depression, anxiety, drowsiness, appetite and sensation of well-being. On the scale, 0 means absent, and 10 means the worst imaginable possible. Medications are often managed at home by family or nursing support.

Further actions

Effective methods to ensuring successful palliative care is to provide a safe way for the individual to address their physical and psychological distress, that is to say their total suffering.

Dealing with total suffering involves addressing a wide range of concerns, starting with treating physical symptoms such as pain, nausea, and breathlessness. The palliative care teams have become very skillful in prescribing drugs for physical symptoms, and have been instrumental in showing how drugs such as morphine can be used safely while maintaining a patient’s full functions.

Importance of counselling

Usually, a palliative care patient’s concerns are pain, fears of the future, uncertainties, and worries of their family and feeling like a burden. There are counselling, visual methods, cognitive therapy, and relaxation therapy to deal with it.

Pallliative care sees an increasingly wide range of conditions in patients at varying stage of their illness it follows that palliative care teams offer a range of care. This may range form managing the physical symptoms in patients receiving treatment for cancer, to treating depression in patients with advanced disease, to the care of patients in their last days and hours.

Training

In most countries hospice and palliative care is provided by an interdisciplinary team consisting of physicians, pharmacists, registered nurses, nursing assistant, social workers, and others. The focus on the team is to optimize the patient’s comfort.

Nurses in palliative care are given extensive training in counselling, medication dispensing, and support. The aim is about relieving distressing symptoms for the patient. Nurses are also part of the management of the imminently dying patient, more so than the physicians or doctors themselves.

Work Opportunities

The work opportunities that we get is aplenty. Palliative care is often used interchageably as a term with hospice care, albeit some slight differences. They share some similar goals of providing symptom relief and pain management. Palliative care services can be offered to any patient without restriction to disease or prognosis, and can be appropriate for anyone with a serious, complex illness, whether they are expected to recover fully or not.

Hospice is a type of care involving palliation without curative intent. usually it is used for people with no further options for curing their disease or in people who have decided to not pursue treatment that is hard on them.

Typically hospice and palliative care nurses work in non-hospital settings.



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 As incidences of chronic kidney disease and other related renal issues continue to rise, the need for adequately trained nurses in those fields continue to grow. Similar conditions are seen in various parts of the world. In 1999, the incidence of patients with kidney conditions requiring long-term care is 340,261. In 2010 it is over 600,000.  

 The diagnosis of renal conditions can be done with a primary care doctor. However, treatment and care of those patients require an understanding of risks, comorbid conditions, complications, and probabilities for loss of kidneys by both physicians and nurses. 

 For nurses, a post-basic renal course can open the doors to working in this area which is sorely lacking in manpower. Here are the reasons why you should consider pursuing a renal post-basic certification. 

 From bedside to business 

 There are a lot of CKD (chronic kidney disease) clinics opening up. Having a renal certification enables you to work at these clinics as your training is aligned with what they have to offer their patients.  

  Pusat Hemodialisis Mawar  is one of them. They are the largest private charity haemodialysis organization in the country. They have 13 centres spread throughout the country. 

 A short search on Google Maps also reveals a lot of haemodialysis centres in Klang Valley. 

 Being a nurse at institutions like those will train your patient management skills as you run the day-to-day administrative tasks in parallel with your nursing duties. 

 Better work setting 

 You’ll have a less erratic schedule than your peers. Dialysis patients require a regular timing on their treatment. Your shifts would be on more regular hours. A more fixed routine can be better for your health and well-being. 

 Better pay 

  On average, renal nurses with post basic certification get about 10% more pay.  

 Hospital dialysis nurses may be offered more pay, but they may also be required for emergency dialysis treatments, making their schedule less average than others in their field of focus. 

 Adjustable pace 

 You can choose to work in smaller dialysis centres for slower pace, or larger nephrology units in hospitals if you wish for a faster paced working environment. Unlike other specialties, you have a choice to work in the kind of environment that suits your working style. 

 Rapid changes in the field 

 Technological advances in the renal treatment field progresses at a rapid pace. Previously, it was slow. Kidney diseases were complex and difficult to study. Therefore treatments were vaguely ineffective. 

 The 21st century brought in upgraded transplantation technologies with breakthroughs in biocompatible materials. 

 As a renal nurse, you will handle the care of post-transplant patients. The tasks and how you perform your duties to these patients have a high probability of changing with the frenetic pace of research. 

 High Demand 

 Renal nurses have good experience in interpreting telemetric data. This makes them efficient at being support units in surgical wards to ensure successful procedures. 

 Dialysis is expensive, costly, and there’re not enough facilities and manpower in public and private hospitals. 

 Conclusion 

 Pursuing a renal post-basic certification is a solid pathway to consider. Nurses with this certification are more in demand, have better pay, and all the listed advantages above. For people who like clinical challenges, treading this path is for you. 

 Already have a post-basic in renal care? Head over to MIMS Career to search and apply for renal care jobs in your area. Just signup and experience our convenient 1-click application process. It’s fast, safe, and easy. MIMS Career also allows you to search in our huge database of employers seeking new staff. You can also save potential jobs for later viewing, and create your own personalized job alert.

Renal Post-Basic, a certification to consider

As incidences of chronic kidney disease and other related renal issues continue to rise, the need for adequately trained nurses in those fields continue to grow. Similar conditions are seen in various parts of the world. In 1999, the...

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 Introduction 

 Community health is the focus of the health of a population of a community group, rather than on individuals. It is a very distinct field of medicine and nursing, and therefore must be taught in a separate school of public or community health. 

 The health of a community in the current socio-economic climate poses many challenges that need to be overcome. There are many work opportunities that offer different kinds of responsibilities and skills that healthcare professionals are encouraged to look into. 

   

 In history, there are a few diseases that have caused a big impact to the world; such diseases include smallpox, polio, measles and mumps. Whilst largely eradicated today, these were debilitating diseases that caused the death of millions, often in a very short span of time. Their eradication is due to large movements by governing bodies to curb these diseases by education and clinical methods to promote mass immunities. More recently, outbreaks like dengue, malaria, and HIV/AIDS continue to pose a threat to the health and well-being of local communities. 

 Community health has caused a lot of good even in non-medical sectors. Mandatory schooling was put into place after it was found that the industrial revolution workplace was detrimental to their well-being. The science of epidemiology (the study of diseases) came about after efforts to understand cholera were being propagated by the British. Also, stronger health and safety standards for foods brought about a remarked interest in wholesome foods for the European population. 

 Why is it important? 

 Herd immunity contains the spread of contagious diseases. It is the basis on which community health (or public health, depending on which region of the world you’re from) is formed upon. 

 Herd immunity is a concept in which most members of the community are protected against that disease because there is little opportunity for an outbreak. 

 Vaccines are used extensively in this; influenza, measles, mumps, rotavirus, and several dangerous pneumococcal strains are kept at bay due to herd immunizations. These debilitating diseases are extremely dangerous when left to infect a large community. It can cause losses of life, economic downturns, and even social upheaval. 

   

 There is a growing anti-science and anti-vaccination movement that is seriously undoing all the work physicians, researchers, and epidemiologists have done. These people are averse to any form of scientific and health information that they put their communities at risk because they shun vaccinations and community health practices. 

 A major part of community health lies in the communication of healthcare. When the anti-vaccine crowd refuse to immunize their children, it puts their children and the children of others at risk of conntagions that would normally be of no issue. This fracture in the community is enough to bring back long-eradicated bugs into modern society. It is a major issue to address amongst community health practitioners, doctors, and nurses. 

 How does the work look like? 

 Community health is divided into three: primary, secondary, and tertiary. While loosely related, they all have differing lines of work, responsibility, and career progression. 

 Primary 

 Primary community healthcare focuses on the individual. These are interventions like  hand-washing, personal hygiene, immunization, circumcision, diet , and so on. 

 Health communication is key in this area. One can be a nurse, but when working in primary he/she can be a speaker to communicate these practices to the public. 

 Secondary 

 This concerns the  environment . The draining of puddles to prevent mosquito breeding, spraying of insecticides to avoid disease vectors like cockroaches , and clearing of rubbish to address rat populations are all part of this. 

 Tertiary 

 Tertiary healthcare consists of  clinical interventions . Things like rehydration, surgery, and so on. 

 How to work in community health? 

 Your options are pretty wide. You can check out the public, education, private, and non-profit sectors. 

 In the public sector, institutes like IMR (Institute of Medical Research) work closely with the Ministry of Health (KKM) to deploy methods in increasing the health and wellness of Malaysians as a population. Recently they are doing extensive work combating childhood obesity with they  myBFF (My Body is Fit and Fabulous) program . 

 The education sector will be rife of opportunities for clinicians who wish to work in a non-clinical setting. Universities, schools and colleges are potential work areas. 

 The private sector has a lot of companies waiting to get into the healthcare industry as a business. Our company  MIMS  provides timely information to educate the public and healthcare professionals on latest issues on healthcare. Also we provide a drug information service that physicians and consumers can search any time, anywhere. 

 Non-profit organizations like MAKNA (National Cancer Council Malaysia), or NKF (National Kidney Foundation) hire employees with a clinical background to help them raise awareness of the diseases or patients that they focus on. They constantly look out for people to help them with communication, treatments, and financing. 

 Career Progression 

 Search about these points below to know more about your potential career paths: 

 
	 Biostatistics programs 
	 Environmental health and science programs 
	 Social behavioral programs 
	 Epidemiology programs 
	 health services and administration programs 
 

 Search for high-paying nursing jobs on  MIMS Career . Browse, save, and apply for nursing jobs, all in one-click. Take the opportunity for higher pay and better work locations. Our pages are all mobile-responsive, allowing you to take that leap for a better job whenever, wherever you are. All our job postings are heavily screened to prevent scams and mistrustful behavior.

Career Highlight: Community Health

Introduction Community health is the focus of the health of a population of a community group, rather than on individuals. It is a very distinct field of medicine and nursing, and therefore must be taught in a separate school of public or...

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 As productivity writer  Benjamin Hardy  puts it, survival mode is: “ your life being filled to the brim with nonessential and trivial things. You don’t have time to make anything meaningful. ” 

 Do you often feel like this? Crazy shift hours, demanding patients, children to take care and worry about at home… It’s no wonder that  nurses are falling sick because of their stress levels . Your busy life just gnaws at the corners of your mind. It’s difficult to sleep, hard to find time to eat, and care about yourself. As you fend off your exhaustion, you realize at the end of your day the worst thing about your predicament is that you have to face the same thing tomorrow. 

 And the next day. 

 And the next one. 

  So you go through life on autopilot.  

 There is a way to break this cycle, and return your sense of self. You will feel happier, healthier, and achieve your personal and professional goals with these simple daily practices. 

 Re-orient your life 

   

  Take charge of your life . Most importantly, be conscious of your decision to take charge of your life. Decide on a better way of looking at how you live, and decide to act on it. Intention is very important; actions only come after that. 

  A good plan today is better than a perfect plan tomorrow.  

 You have only one life; it would be a shame to live it miserably, because you won’t be getting any of your youth back. 

 Get Good Sleep 

   

 So many things can be attributed to the irregularity of sleep or the lack of it. Your concentration slips out frequently. Your memory is fuzzled. Your body feels tired, and has no energy. These are all detrimental to the patients under your care. Most importantly, it poses a real danger to your health. 

 Those who sleep 7-9 hours a day are proven to be healthier, fitter, and less likely to be obese or suffer from any other health issues. 

  “But wait…” you say. “I can’t do that! I work shifts.”  

 Don’t worry. Remember that you can space out your sleeps into naps if a long period of rest is not available to you. 

 There are so many benefits to getting enough sleep. Some of them are: 

 
	 Increased concentration 
	 Better cognitive abilities 
	 Less risk of cardiovascular diseases 
	 Reduced chances of depression 
 

 And so on. 

 Prayer, or meditation 

   

 Gratitude upon waking up, or when facing a difficult time, is one of the  best  habits you can form. This mindset of abundance primes you to cope better with challenging situations or periods of your life. Because you are always grateful for the things that you currently have, it negates the negative impact of focusing on the things you don’t have, or would like to be better. 

 Prayer and meditation helps you re-orient yourself to set your most important priorities. It also serves as a good “brain detox”. 

 Your life might be busy and hectic. By devoting some time to honing your spiritual center, you will learn to make sense and derive meaning in a chaotic world. 

 If you don’t know how to meditate, here’s the  5-minute meditation trick every nurse needs to know . 

 Exercise in moderation 

   

 At MIMS Career we all know most of you nurses are very tired. However, exercise is something that still should not be neglected. 

 Take walks. Walking can also be a form of meditation. Just walk a few minutes, being mindful of your surroundings and focusing on your surroundings. Try and get into the habit of exercising, too. It has many benefits which I’m sure you’re aware of. If you want a healthy mind, it has to start with care of the body. 

 No gym membership? Try some no-equipment home exercises. 

 Eat Healthy 

   

 Eat small, frequent meals as opposed to large meals in one sitting. 

 Those working shifts have a tendency to grab whatever food is available, and that is unhealthy. Try to prepare healthy snacks that you can bring to workplace, like cut fruits. 

 Pack food to work. Cooking packed lunches are a lot healthier because you are aware of what you put into your body. Experiment with simple 1-dish meals. They are light enough to bring in one container, and can simply be reheated in a microwave. 

 If going home to eat, experiment with freezing your prepared meals, or slow-marinading meat that you can throw in the oven right when you get back home. YouTube channels like Tasty can give you many ideas. 

 Consume Great Content 

   

 Read, even if you can only do it for ten minutes a day. If done every day, you’ll eventually finish many books in a year. 

 Podcasts and audiobooks are good to listen to on your commute.  Here’s a helpful article also written by me about getting started with podcasts.  

 The world’s most successful people all read at least one book a week. You don’t have to do that, but that goes to show how important the value of reading good content is. 

 By “good”, I don’t mean Facebook posts or tweets. I mean real, thought-provoking forms of prose that teach you something new. 

 Over time, just by doing 10 minutes a day, you’ll have more knowledge on different topics. It will make you a better writer, speaker, and you’ll develop a personality that future employers would absolutely love whenever you go for interviews. You will view the world in a different lens. 

  Here’s a great reading list for you to get started if you like.  

 Write down and review your goals every day 

   

 What are your goals? Write them down. Both short and long term. 

 Then do something that gets you closer to your long term goals every day. 

 Getting out of the rut that is your daily grind can be difficult, but very rewarding when done right. The location and working environment you’re in can make or break your learning curve towards attaining your career goals. 

 Which is why you should give MIMS Career a shot. Browse through our extensive directory of nursing jobs across Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, and more countries coming soon. Upload your resume and be notified of jobs you might be interested in. 

 Sign up for free, and discover the change of pace in life that you need to get out of autopilot today.

How Nurses Can Get Out of "Survival Mode"

As productivity writer Benjamin Hardy puts it, survival mode is: “ your life being filled to the brim with nonessential and trivial things. You don’t have time to make anything meaningful. ” Do you often feel like this?...

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 Some of you might wonder: is it possible to practice my profession overseas?  

 Fortunately, the answer is yes. Working overseas provides many benefits. Among them is the experience that you’ll get. Moving to a foreign country will expose you to experiences that not many would have. 

 It will expand your perceptions on the profession as you go through the day-to-day challenges. Depending on the country, you get higher wages. A registered nurse in Australia typically gets paid around AUD 53,900 to AUD 75,000. This results in a high quality of life for your family. You can see similar numbers for Singapore, Canada, and the Gulf countries. 

 There are plenty of opportunities overseas. It takes a bit of creativity and resourcefulness to find them, but it’s worth it for all the benefits. It is a must-do for those of you who feel you need a change of pace in life. 

 Opportunities in: 

 
	   Specialize in a field of choice   
	   Locum jobs in free time   
	   Advance in your Career   
	   Work Overseas   
	   Ask for additional shifts from your employer   
	   Take up health writing jobs   
	   Medical Communicator   
	   Tutor (University or school)   
	   Become a field nurse at community events   
	   Something non-nursing, like passion or interest   
 



 Singapore 

   



 Home Care 

 Many foreign nurses are being hired to provide home care for the elderly in the city-state of Singapore. 

 They enter with the same work pass as a maid; and live in with the patients that they care for. 

 There is a genuine demand for nurses who are willing to work in these conditions in Singapore. Compared to sending their aging relatives to nursing homes, Singaporeans now prefer them to stay at home, where they are familiar and can be comfortable.  

 You would not need to spend on food and lodging. Also, if not working at the patient’s home, you have more time and freedom on your hands, as compared to working in a hospital. 

 The disadvantage is that your pay is only slightly more than a domestic helper. On average, home care nurses get only about SGD600-SGD1000 a month. 

 Check out Active Global Caregiver, Optinuum Health Services and Homage if you’d like to find out more about this kind of work. 



 Private Practices 

 Many clinics in Singapore are actively seeking out Malaysian Nurses; they even list it out in their job descriptions. 

 The pay is higher compared to working in Malaysian private practices: about SGD2000-SGD3000 per month on average. 

 Regular hours for these institutions means you can opt to live in Johor Bahru, while commuting to work in Singapore. You earn in a stronger currency but live in a more affordable area. 

 However the commute can be really tiring, and it can take hours to travel to and fro across the Johor Straits. 



 Public Hospitals 

 As mentioned, the Singaporean government is investing in a lot of foreign nurses. According to sources, the country is investing SGD 24million to help fill out 9000 jobs in healthcare. 

 They even have overseas nursing graduate programs and scholarships to woo over those from overseas, even if from a different career. 

 Job prospects looks bright. With all the government actions, its a clear indication that foreign nurses are very much needed in years to come. 

 However, it can create high levels of stress to work in such conditions. Short of manpower, it creates a large amount of workload. Singaporean nurses cite great demands at work, and internal conflicts. According to a study, affected nurses cope better when with friends and family. 

 Working overseas normally means leaving friends and family behind, therefore leaving you with a lesser safety net for your mental fortitude. 

 You can check out how non-Singaporean registered nurses can work in Singapore here. 



 Australia 

   



 Hospitals 

 Also facing a shortage in nurses, they seek to hire foreigners to meet demands. Some will even sponsor you. 

 As a rapidly developing country, Australia has very high standards of nursing care that we can learn from. A job stint there will expose you to cases or methods that you would not normally have the opportunity to see here. 

 A major advantage of being a nurse in an Australian hospital is that it is one of the highest paying countries for nurses. However, the process for Malaysians to immigrate and practice nursing there can be lengthy. First you have to register with the NMBA. Then register with ANMAC, complete training with AHPRA, pass ANMAC skills assessment, obtain placement in an institution, and then only finally migrate. 

 You can check out our article on how to become a nurse in Australia for more detailed info. 



 Nursing Homes 

 As Australian society continues surging onward with better healthcare delivery, life expectancies have increased, leading to a ballooning population of geriatrics. Australian hospitals tend to want to discharge patients as fast as they can, resulting in more patients being put into extended or long term care centers. 

 These care centers are sprouting up in all Australian states. They even have one specifically to cater to those of Chinese ethnicity. Malaysians of ethnic Chinese parentage would do well here. 

 Advantages of working here include flexible hours, and locations you can choose. The work experience you gain from here can set you up for specialization in Geriatrics, an increasingly valuable specialty. 

 However, like any business, nursing homes can close down due to lack of funding, or if investor money runs out, like this nursing home in Walcall.  

 You can check out how non-Australian registered nurses can work in Australia here. 



 Saudi Arabia 

   



 Hospitals 

 The Royal House of Saud is aggressively developing their healthcare system, capacities and how they deliver it to their citizens, according to this report. 

 Nurses from Malaysia get drafted into 1st Grade, which has a salary of RM14,000/month. The Saudis are comfortable with Malaysian nurses because of our proficiency in English.   

 You get to live a very comfortable life as a nurse here. Lodging and food are often prepared by the employer to make it easier on foreign nurses coming into work. This gives a leg up for those unsure how to begin life in a new country. 

 Many Malaysian nurses are already working there. You would have a strong support system for hard times from the community. 

 Not only is the pay very attractive, the extremely low tax rates imposed on you would result in a much higher net income. The healthcare is advanced, even if the Kingdom is struggling to deliver its healthcare to its citizens because of the large country size. Also, since it is home to the two holiest sites in Islam, it is a great opportunity to be closer to one’s faith for Muslims. 

 Unfortunately, Arabs can be culturally more aggressive compared to mild-mannered, timid South East Asians. Also, the Kingdom is a bit further away compared to working in other ASEAN countries. 



 United States and Europe 

   

 There is currently an extreme shortage of nurses going on in the States. By 2022, it is estimated that the total number of nursing vacancies is projected to be more than a million. 

 According to the latest numbers from the American Census Bureau, the 76-million strong baby boomer generation will triple the number of over-65 population in 2030. This can strain the nursing workforce. 

 It has even come to a point where American institutions are now promoting nursing as a second career. They are even helping to promote the profession to men, who have traditionally shied away from nursing. 

 Working in the United States as a nurse nets you a good pay, and a high standard of living.  

 A similar situation to the USA is also happening in Europe. A lack of interest in nursing amongst the young have pushed several European countries to act by employing foreign nurses to meet demand. 



 Conclusion 

 Moving overseas can be scary. The adjustment phase can be difficult, even to the most open-minded of all migrants. But, like all difficult things, the end result is fruitful. In an increasingly globalized world, more international experiences lead to better global ties, and a more peaceful society overall. 

 One easy way to apply for a job overseas is by MIMS Career. Signup and input your resume details with us, and you can enjoy our fast, secure, and easy 1-click application process to many healthcare employers. Find nursing work that you would get excited about in Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, or Singapore. You can also save jobs to view later, or create email alerts to notify you of new positions you might be interested in.

10 Ways Malaysian Nurses Can Increase Their Income

Some of you might wonder: is it possible to practice my profession overseas? Fortunately, the answer is yes. Working overseas provides many benefits. Among them is the experience that you’ll get. Moving to a foreign country will...

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