Career Highlight: Community Health

Introduction

Community health is the focus of the health of a population of a community group, rather than on individuals. It is a very distinct field of medicine and nursing, and therefore must be taught in a separate school of public or community health.

The health of a community in the current socio-economic climate poses many challenges that need to be overcome. There are many work opportunities that offer different kinds of responsibilities and skills that healthcare professionals are encouraged to look into.

insert image old docs

In history, there are a few diseases that have caused a big impact to the world; such diseases include smallpox, polio, measles and mumps. Whilst largely eradicated today, these were debilitating diseases that caused the death of millions, often in a very short span of time. Their eradication is due to large movements by governing bodies to curb these diseases by education and clinical methods to promote mass immunities. More recently, outbreaks like dengue, malaria, and HIV/AIDS continue to pose a threat to the health and well-being of local communities.

Community health has caused a lot of good even in non-medical sectors. Mandatory schooling was put into place after it was found that the industrial revolution workplace was detrimental to their well-being. The science of epidemiology (the study of diseases) came about after efforts to understand cholera were being propagated by the British. Also, stronger health and safety standards for foods brought about a remarked interest in wholesome foods for the European population.

Why is it important?

Herd immunity contains the spread of contagious diseases. It is the basis on which community health (or public health, depending on which region of the world you’re from) is formed upon.

Herd immunity is a concept in which most members of the community are protected against that disease because there is little opportunity for an outbreak.

Vaccines are used extensively in this; influenza, measles, mumps, rotavirus, and several dangerous pneumococcal strains are kept at bay due to herd immunizations. These debilitating diseases are extremely dangerous when left to infect a large community. It can cause losses of life, economic downturns, and even social upheaval.

insert image anti vaxxer

There is a growing anti-science and anti-vaccination movement that is seriously undoing all the work physicians, researchers, and epidemiologists have done. These people are averse to any form of scientific and health information that they put their communities at risk because they shun vaccinations and community health practices.

A major part of community health lies in the communication of healthcare. When the anti-vaccine crowd refuse to immunize their children, it puts their children and the children of others at risk of conntagions that would normally be of no issue. This fracture in the community is enough to bring back long-eradicated bugs into modern society. It is a major issue to address amongst community health practitioners, doctors, and nurses.

How does the work look like?

Community health is divided into three: primary, secondary, and tertiary. While loosely related, they all have differing lines of work, responsibility, and career progression.

Primary

Primary community healthcare focuses on the individual. These are interventions like hand-washing, personal hygiene, immunization, circumcision, diet, and so on.

Health communication is key in this area. One can be a nurse, but when working in primary he/she can be a speaker to communicate these practices to the public.

Secondary

This concerns the environment. The draining of puddles to prevent mosquito breeding, spraying of insecticides to avoid disease vectors like cockroaches , and clearing of rubbish to address rat populations are all part of this.

Tertiary

Tertiary healthcare consists of clinical interventions. Things like rehydration, surgery, and so on.

How to work in community health?

Your options are pretty wide. You can check out the public, education, private, and non-profit sectors.

In the public sector, institutes like IMR (Institute of Medical Research) work closely with the Ministry of Health (KKM) to deploy methods in increasing the health and wellness of Malaysians as a population. Recently they are doing extensive work combating childhood obesity with they myBFF (My Body is Fit and Fabulous) program.

The education sector will be rife of opportunities for clinicians who wish to work in a non-clinical setting. Universities, schools and colleges are potential work areas.

The private sector has a lot of companies waiting to get into the healthcare industry as a business. Our company MIMS provides timely information to educate the public and healthcare professionals on latest issues on healthcare. Also we provide a drug information service that physicians and consumers can search any time, anywhere.

Non-profit organizations like MAKNA (National Cancer Council Malaysia), or NKF (National Kidney Foundation) hire employees with a clinical background to help them raise awareness of the diseases or patients that they focus on. They constantly look out for people to help them with communication, treatments, and financing.

Career Progression

Search about these points below to know more about your potential career paths:

Search for high-paying nursing jobs on MIMS Career. Browse, save, and apply for nursing jobs, all in one-click. Take the opportunity for higher pay and better work locations. Our pages are all mobile-responsive, allowing you to take that leap for a better job whenever, wherever you are. All our job postings are heavily screened to prevent scams and mistrustful behavior.



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 Résumé’s (also known as CVs) are great. They sumarize your experiences onto a few pages so your employer can quickly get a sense of who you are before hiring you. However, employers have to go through a lot of résumés in their search for a potential hire, so making a great résumé can result in a good first impression. 

 Traditionally, résumés have been blocky, information-dense pieces of paper that you send out to employers you’re checking out. With the advancements in personal computing, software and printing, people have been more and more creative with how they craft their résumé’s. 

 The more traditional approach can look more professional and neat, but a creative approach can often help you stand out from the crowd. Choose a method that best presents you in a positive light. 

 Before you write your résumé 

 Before you write down your résumé, sit down and take note of what you’ve done. Any interesting projects taken? Achievements? List it down. 

 Also verify the dates of your education background. It can be easy to forget, especially if you’ve left your academic studies for a long time. Also try and find out the full course or programme names of your certificates, degrees, doctorates. 

 Doing great things lead to a great résumé. Take up as many opportunities as possible that can be put on a résumé, like volunteer work, teaching, skills training, etc. 

 The traditional approach 

 Easy way: Use a predefined template from Word, Pages, or Docs. 

  Tools needed: A PC, tablet, or smartphone.  

 This is as simple as it gets: 

 
	 Open the word processor, and select from the list of templates given. 
	 You can add, remove, or move around certain sections which do not pertain to you. 
	 For example, for a fresh graduate, your education background would come above your work experience because the former is more important at that stage of life. Vice versa for those already working. 
	 Want more templates? Check out  https://r  ésumégenius.com/résumé-templates . 
 

 Normal way: Build it from scratch. 

  Tools needed: PC, tablet, smartphone. Word editing software needed.  

 Building your résumé from scratch allows you to customize every single aspect of that you can present to your future employer. 

 Start by writing down your info. Be concise, truthful, and accurate. 

 Then  add your work experience , or educational background. As previously mentioned, this depends on whether you’re still studying or have already worked. Put it in reverse-chonological order; meaning the latest job first, and the first job last. Same with education. 

  Add in your skills.  It helps employers a lot if you could put in the degree of proficiency. To keep it simple, just rate it from 1-5. For example, ANSYS = ⅘ , SolidWorks = ⅗, verbal communication ⅗, and so on. Some skills to add include software (ANSYS, SPSS), or equipment handling (telemetry, ECG, cardiographs). 

  Don’t forget to add in your language ability.  When working in sectors like healthcare, where you deal with a diverse set of people (especially in multi-cultural Malaysia!) it helps to be bi- or trilingual. Employers love that. 

 Now that you’ve added all you have to add, start by styling the text appropriately. A good rule to follow is to enlarge each point by a few titles, then bold it, so the reader can quickly skim through your résumé. 

  Ensure there is enough spacing.  Think of whitespace as breathing room. You want your text to be able to breathe in order to be legible. A cramped document is not fun to read. 

 Add in the headers and footers. A good use of headers would be your  name and contact number , in 9-pt font. Employers often put your résumé in a stack, and putting something to identify you there would help a great deal. You can put a page number on the footer for continuity purposes. 

 View over the entire document. Ensure the margins are properly aligned. Is the font legible? Clear? Then head over to save and print it out. You’re done! 

 The creative approach 

 With easy application processes from job portals like MIMS Career, employers now are as equally likely to read your résumé in a digital format, on a screen. 

 This allows for some creativity, as current screens can now reproduce millions of colors, in different shapes and sizes. 

 Remember not to overdo a creative design; keep it subtle, keep it clean, and keep the information legible. 

 Easy way: Use an online résumé builder. 

  Tools needed: PC, with keyboard and mouse recommended. An internet connection is important.  

 My favorite résumé builder is, by far,  Novorésumé . 

 Very intuitive controls. A good degree of customization available. 

 Their presets are killer design. They’ve matched out complementary colors in each of their templates so you don’t have to. They’re all subtle, yet sophisticated. Clean, yet intricate. 

 It’s also multi-lingual, so you can craft your Bahasa Malaysia résumé in it as well. 

 Have a look at Elon Musk’s résumé, generated by Novorésumé. It’s simple, packed, and most importantly, eye-catching. It already looks superior compared to a lot of the résumés we have seen. It also proves that you don’t need many pages to list down your info, despite being one of the world’s most successful visionaries. 

   

 There are also other résumé builders online:  Reed  is one of them. Just do a Google search, you’ll eventually find out with layouts or usability that you really like. 

 The Normal way: Design it yourself! 

  Tools: PC, Keyboard + Mouse, Drawing tablets optional, PhotoShop/Illustrator/Any online sketching tool.  

 To do this, you might need some additional skills with illustration software. 

 The idea is to create a layout that draws attention but doesn’t compromise on information legibility. 

 You can have a look at great designs from dribbble.com, a site where great designers like to post their work. Have a look at the ones you like, and determine what you like about them and incorporate them into your design. It’s good inspiration. 

  You need to keep in mind 4 things:  

  Typography  

 
	 Use 15-25px only. A too large text-size can look goofy and awkward. 
	 Like a kids book. Use a big font for headlines, and employ a low font weight. Like Helvetica or Lato. 
	 Since you’re sending this over the web, and it will be read on screen, go for a sans-serif font for easier legibility. 
 

  Colors  

 
	 Use only one base color. A résumé with too many colors will make it look amateur and is a pain to see. In the end, your résumé is an official document used to represent you in a good light. 
	 Never choose black for your base color. Black never appears in the real world. It is sombre, demure, and lacks energy. 
	 It is always a bad idea to use black for anything that is to be displayed on-screen, other than text. 
 

  Icons  

 
	 Icons can help increase aesthetic features and help you stand out. 
	 Use icons that are recognizable, like a suitcase for work experience, a graduation hat for education, etc. 
	 I recommend the use of icon fonts. They are scalable at various dpi on-screen. 
 

  Whitespace layout  

 
	 Whitespace is space where there’s no stuff. 
	 Use it to define hierarchy by putting some space between your education, work, skills, and information sections. 
	 Use that whitespace to build flow for the résumé reader. 
 

 Conclusion 

 That’s it! It all depends on how much time and effort you can put in to your résumé. Remember to keep it simple, accurate info, and not too long; 2 pages should be the absolute maximum. 

 You what would be a great use of that résumé? Use it when applying for jobs in Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, and Indonesia with our job portal,  MIMS Career .. A lot of nurses, doctors, and other healthcare practitioners have been using the service, and many of them have landed the jobs at the location they’ve always wanted. Signup and apply now using our 1-click application feature. It’s fast, safe, and free. Any problems? Email us at mycareer@mims.com for more inquiries.

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 Some of you might wonder: is it possible to practice my profession overseas?  

 Fortunately, the answer is yes. Working overseas provides many benefits. Among them is the experience that you’ll get. Moving to a foreign country will expose you to experiences that not many would have. 

 It will expand your perceptions on the profession as you go through the day-to-day challenges. Depending on the country, you get higher wages. A registered nurse in Australia typically gets paid around AUD 53,900 to AUD 75,000. This results in a high quality of life for your family. You can see similar numbers for Singapore, Canada, and the Gulf countries. 

 There are plenty of opportunities overseas. It takes a bit of creativity and resourcefulness to find them, but it’s worth it for all the benefits. It is a must-do for those of you who feel you need a change of pace in life. 

 Opportunities in: 

 
	   Specialize in a field of choice   
	   Locum jobs in free time   
	   Advance in your Career   
	   Work Overseas   
	   Ask for additional shifts from your employer   
	   Take up health writing jobs   
	   Medical Communicator   
	   Tutor (University or school)   
	   Become a field nurse at community events   
	   Something non-nursing, like passion or interest   
 



 Singapore 

   



 Home Care 

 Many foreign nurses are being hired to provide home care for the elderly in the city-state of Singapore. 

 They enter with the same work pass as a maid; and live in with the patients that they care for. 

 There is a genuine demand for nurses who are willing to work in these conditions in Singapore. Compared to sending their aging relatives to nursing homes, Singaporeans now prefer them to stay at home, where they are familiar and can be comfortable.  

 You would not need to spend on food and lodging. Also, if not working at the patient’s home, you have more time and freedom on your hands, as compared to working in a hospital. 

 The disadvantage is that your pay is only slightly more than a domestic helper. On average, home care nurses get only about SGD600-SGD1000 a month. 

 Check out Active Global Caregiver, Optinuum Health Services and Homage if you’d like to find out more about this kind of work. 



 Private Practices 

 Many clinics in Singapore are actively seeking out Malaysian Nurses; they even list it out in their job descriptions. 

 The pay is higher compared to working in Malaysian private practices: about SGD2000-SGD3000 per month on average. 

 Regular hours for these institutions means you can opt to live in Johor Bahru, while commuting to work in Singapore. You earn in a stronger currency but live in a more affordable area. 

 However the commute can be really tiring, and it can take hours to travel to and fro across the Johor Straits. 



 Public Hospitals 

 As mentioned, the Singaporean government is investing in a lot of foreign nurses. According to sources, the country is investing SGD 24million to help fill out 9000 jobs in healthcare. 

 They even have overseas nursing graduate programs and scholarships to woo over those from overseas, even if from a different career. 

 Job prospects looks bright. With all the government actions, its a clear indication that foreign nurses are very much needed in years to come. 

 However, it can create high levels of stress to work in such conditions. Short of manpower, it creates a large amount of workload. Singaporean nurses cite great demands at work, and internal conflicts. According to a study, affected nurses cope better when with friends and family. 

 Working overseas normally means leaving friends and family behind, therefore leaving you with a lesser safety net for your mental fortitude. 

 You can check out how non-Singaporean registered nurses can work in Singapore here. 



 Australia 

   



 Hospitals 

 Also facing a shortage in nurses, they seek to hire foreigners to meet demands. Some will even sponsor you. 

 As a rapidly developing country, Australia has very high standards of nursing care that we can learn from. A job stint there will expose you to cases or methods that you would not normally have the opportunity to see here. 

 A major advantage of being a nurse in an Australian hospital is that it is one of the highest paying countries for nurses. However, the process for Malaysians to immigrate and practice nursing there can be lengthy. First you have to register with the NMBA. Then register with ANMAC, complete training with AHPRA, pass ANMAC skills assessment, obtain placement in an institution, and then only finally migrate. 

 You can check out our article on how to become a nurse in Australia for more detailed info. 



 Nursing Homes 

 As Australian society continues surging onward with better healthcare delivery, life expectancies have increased, leading to a ballooning population of geriatrics. Australian hospitals tend to want to discharge patients as fast as they can, resulting in more patients being put into extended or long term care centers. 

 These care centers are sprouting up in all Australian states. They even have one specifically to cater to those of Chinese ethnicity. Malaysians of ethnic Chinese parentage would do well here. 

 Advantages of working here include flexible hours, and locations you can choose. The work experience you gain from here can set you up for specialization in Geriatrics, an increasingly valuable specialty. 

 However, like any business, nursing homes can close down due to lack of funding, or if investor money runs out, like this nursing home in Walcall.  

 You can check out how non-Australian registered nurses can work in Australia here. 



 Saudi Arabia 

   



 Hospitals 

 The Royal House of Saud is aggressively developing their healthcare system, capacities and how they deliver it to their citizens, according to this report. 

 Nurses from Malaysia get drafted into 1st Grade, which has a salary of RM14,000/month. The Saudis are comfortable with Malaysian nurses because of our proficiency in English.   

 You get to live a very comfortable life as a nurse here. Lodging and food are often prepared by the employer to make it easier on foreign nurses coming into work. This gives a leg up for those unsure how to begin life in a new country. 

 Many Malaysian nurses are already working there. You would have a strong support system for hard times from the community. 

 Not only is the pay very attractive, the extremely low tax rates imposed on you would result in a much higher net income. The healthcare is advanced, even if the Kingdom is struggling to deliver its healthcare to its citizens because of the large country size. Also, since it is home to the two holiest sites in Islam, it is a great opportunity to be closer to one’s faith for Muslims. 

 Unfortunately, Arabs can be culturally more aggressive compared to mild-mannered, timid South East Asians. Also, the Kingdom is a bit further away compared to working in other ASEAN countries. 



 United States and Europe 

   

 There is currently an extreme shortage of nurses going on in the States. By 2022, it is estimated that the total number of nursing vacancies is projected to be more than a million. 

 According to the latest numbers from the American Census Bureau, the 76-million strong baby boomer generation will triple the number of over-65 population in 2030. This can strain the nursing workforce. 

 It has even come to a point where American institutions are now promoting nursing as a second career. They are even helping to promote the profession to men, who have traditionally shied away from nursing. 

 Working in the United States as a nurse nets you a good pay, and a high standard of living.  

 A similar situation to the USA is also happening in Europe. A lack of interest in nursing amongst the young have pushed several European countries to act by employing foreign nurses to meet demand. 



 Conclusion 

 Moving overseas can be scary. The adjustment phase can be difficult, even to the most open-minded of all migrants. But, like all difficult things, the end result is fruitful. In an increasingly globalized world, more international experiences lead to better global ties, and a more peaceful society overall. 

 One easy way to apply for a job overseas is by MIMS Career. Signup and input your resume details with us, and you can enjoy our fast, secure, and easy 1-click application process to many healthcare employers. Find nursing work that you would get excited about in Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, or Singapore. You can also save jobs to view later, or create email alerts to notify you of new positions you might be interested in.

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 A common question asked to academic counselors by prospective nursing students is: “So how’s the life of a nurse? What kind of hours to they work?” 

 It depends. It really depends on your location, academic qualifications, experience, country of practice, working environment… Really, I could make a long list but then the article would be way too long. 

 So our team at MIMS Career has sifted through the working hours of a lot of different types of nurses, so you can have an idea of what kind of career choices you’d have to make to go towards that kind of life. We’ve categorized it in five parts: a little, a bit, normal, a bit more, and a lot. 



 A little (3-5 hours a day) 

 Part-time nurse practitioners 

 These nurses mostly work doing house calls, or are doing contract jobs with non-medical institutions like schools or companies. Their employers do not require their presence most of the time, so as little as 3-5 hours per work session is pretty common. Part-time nurse practitioners usually have another job other than their nursing one. 

  Find out how to become a part-time nurse practitioner in our in-depth nursing career advancement guide HERE.  

 A bit (5-8 hours a day) 

 Locum nurses 

 Locum nurses work part time shifts in clinics or hospitals or other medical-related institutions. They are not on the payroll of the institution they work with; as they are only meant to supplement the institution’s own workforce. On average a locum nurse’s shift is about 5-8 hours. 

 It is more common to see nurses doing locum jobs to supplant their monthly income, but nurses who exclusively do locum jobs exist, albeit rare.  

  Find out part-time locum jobs for nurses on our career portal HERE.  

 Normal (8-10 hours a day) 

 Nurse instructors, academicians, dialysis nurses 

 These nurses work office hours. This is as normal as it gets. Dialysis centers and nursing schools all have regular, fixed schedules that don’t demand anything more than the usual office workday. 

 Same goes for those who work in nursing schools as teachers, trainers, or professors.  You can find out what it takes to be an academician in the nursing world in our article about lifelong learning HERE.  

 These kinds of nurses don’t normally work weekends, and their schedules are mostly the same and predictable. 

 A bit more (10-14 hours a day) 

 Those involved in direct patient care, like emergency room nurses 

 Most of the time, when nurses at the ER say they work a 12-hour shift from 7am to 7pm, they almost always never get to get out on time. There’s always something to do, someone else to cover, or some loose ends to tie up. 

 This is made even worse by working in hospitals with a shortage of staff. Nurses would be brought in to do things that are not in their job scope, because they can do those tasks. But people who are not nurses do not do nursing tasks because they cannot do those tasks. How many times have you been to an ER, and see a nurse doing clerical work at the front desk because the hospital doesn’t have a secretary or clerk? 



 A lot (14-24 hours a day) 



 Paediatric intensive care, intensive care, surgical, labor and delivery. 

 It is very common to see nurses doing double shifts in these wards. Their shifts might be 12 hours, but are sometimes to do two of those shifts back-to-back to reduce shift handovers, staffing overlap, and reduce costs. 

 Moreover, the type of work that this category of nurses do are a bit on the lengthier side. Surgeries can go up to 24 hours, including perioperative care. Intensive care can be very demanding as patients hover around critical states. 

 There is a variety of workloads for nurses. Each type of work suits different people who prioritize different things. With MIMS Career you have the opportunity of applying with ease to the jobs that you want to go into. Signup and apply with our easy, 1-click application process. Browse for jobs in Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines and Indonesia. Save jobs for later if you’re still on the fence. Also, you can opt for job alerts if nothing fancies you. 

  Signup and apply today! It’s fast, secure, and free.

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